Barke-Asuni-Counselling - Psychotherapy                                                                           sheri_barkeasuni@hotmail.com      

“ Transactional analysis is underpinned by the philosophy that:

Transactional Analysis

Eric Berne, the founder of Transactional Analysis described it at it’s simplest level as a method for studying interactions between individuals.  He focused on Transactions or social interactions between people.

Transactions - the fundamental unit of social intercourse. (Berne 1964).  Berne felt  a lot can be learnt about an individual difficulties by  observing what is communicated  in the words, tone of voice and body language during a transaction.

Much can be discovered when the patterns of  your transaction when in a relationship are consider ed helping you identifying when your are needs are being met or not being met.

Ego States

In addition to the analysis of the interactions between individuals, Transactional Analysis also involves the identification of the ego states behind each and every transaction.  Berne ultimately identified the 3 ego states as:

Parent: The parent represents a massive collection of recordings in the brain of external events experienced or perceived in approximately the first 5 years of life. The young child has no way to filter the data: the events are recorded without question and without analysis.

Child: In contrast to the Parent the child represents the recordings of he brain of internal events associated with external events the child perceives.  Stated another way stored in Child are the emotions or feelings which accompanied external events.  Like the Parent, recording in the child occur from childbirth all the way up to the age of approximately 5 years old.

Adult : The Adult data grows out of the child’s ability to see what is different than what he or she observed (Parent or felt (Child).  Inn other words, the Adult allows the young person to evaluate and validate Child and Parental Dad.  Berne describes the Adult as being “principally concerned with transforming stimuli into pieces of information, and processing and filing that information on the basis of previous experience.


Understanding egos states can give you a route to understanding the origins of difficult feelings and behaviours.


A Stroke is a unit of recognition, when on e person recognises another person either verbally or non verbally.  Rene Spitz observations of infants identified that child who received insufficient strokes were more prone to emotional and physical difficulties.  

Stroke deprivation  can be eh origins of the poor self esteem and feelings un-lovableness we experience in later life.

Key Writings in TA

Games People Play  - Eric Berne

An Introduction to Transactional Analysis: Helping People Change - Phil Lapworth & Charlotte Sills

I’m okay , Your’re okay Amy & Richard Harris

Transactional Analysis

www.ericberne.com/ transactional analysis

Website links

TA Today: A New Introduction to Transactional Analysis - Ian Stewart and Vann Joines

Games People Play  - Eric Berne